Girdlestone-Taylor flexor-to-extensor tendon transfer consists of splitting the FDL tendon in half after detaching it from the plantar base of the distal phalanx via a percutaneous stab incision. 4 A second transverse incision is made plantarly at the MTP joint, through which the detached flexor tendon is harvested. It then is split longitudinally along its raphe. A longitudinal incision is made dorsally over the proximal phalanx. A curved hemostat is passed along the bone on each side of the proximal phalanx to prevent neurovascular injury. Each hemostat grasps one half of the split tendon, and the halves are pulled through dorsally. After your knee replacement (primary or revision) you may develop calcium deposits or myositis ossificans. This may occur after any trauma or injury to soft tissue around the thigh and knee joint, which then prompts the development of calcium deposits. Myositis means muscle inflammation and ossificans means formation of bone. New bone can form along the sides and top of the knee. You may experience pain, stiffness and loss of motion from the knee. Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease that commonly appears in postmenopausal women. Conventional treatments include steroids, anti-inflammatory medications and large amounts of calcium. Holistic treatments address the entire body and focus on improving overall health. Fear of surgery should not keep you out of the office because 80% of patients who come in asking for bunion surgery leave with a conservative treatment plan. Call or contact your podiatric foot and ankle surgeon for an appointment today to get your questions answers. Don't live with the pain of bunions for one more day. And by the way, as a result of a hammer toe developing, more times than not a corn on your foot isn't far behind. This is due to the hammer toe causing the aberrant rubbing on the toe which results in a thickening of the skin everyone knows as a corn. You've just finished an enjoyable meal, when your stomach clenches uncomfortably. Muscle cramping is the sensation of a muscle 'locking' in a very contracted position, restricting movement and causing pain. Stomach cramping can be especially difficult to deal with, as nearly all of our movements involve these muscles. Try the following techniques to help alleviate stomach cramping. Although it's recommended to try these steps in order, feel free to reorganize the routine or skip steps if you find it works better for you. Take a hot shower or warm bath to relax the muscles of the affected foot. Another way to do this is to take a warm foot soak. Toenail fungus is one of those infections that is frustrating and embarrassing to have, and for me it was an absolute nightmare. I contracted the infection at work. My job is very demanding and requires me to be active and on my feet all the time. I built up a lot of sweat on my feet which lead to the infection. I had toenail fungus for nearly two years, so you can imagine how many treatments and remedies I have tried. Some of them did work, in the sense they stopped the infection from getting worse but nothing actually treated my toe nail fungus. An early sign may be that you have more difficulty or pain wearing your shoes. The longer you have a hammertoe, the more rigid and contracted the deformity can become. Most people realize they have a problem once they develop painful calluses or blisters on the top of their toes. In severe cases an ulceration and infection can develop with hammertoes. Other signs of hammertoes include painful calluses under the balls of the feet, cramping, and weakness. Movement patterns are acquired by learning ; they're not automatically "given" by birth. In general, people develop their movement (coordination) patterns by example, by the daily demands of life, and by athletic training. Hammer, claw, and mallet toes are toes that do not have the right shape. They may look odd or may hurt, or both. The muscles that control your toes get out of balance and cause the toe to bend into an odd position at one or more joints. These toe problems almost always happen in the four smaller toes, not the big toe. Gently massage the affected area or the muscle of the foot for a few minutes. This would help to relax the muscle and reduce the pain associated with the cramp.